4.5 predict the products of reactions between dilute hydrochloric, nitric and sulfuric acids; and metals, metal oxides and metal carbonates (excluding the reactions between nitric acid and metals)

  • Acid + metal –> Salt + hydrogen
  • Hydrochloric acid + metal –> metal chloride salt + hydrogen
  • Sulfuric acid + metal –> metal sulfate salt + hydrogen
  • Nitric acid + metal –> metal nitrate salt + hydrogen

 

  • Acid + metal oxide –> Metal oxide + water
  • Hydrochloric acid + metal oxide –> metal chloride salt + water
  • Nitric acid + metal oxide –> metal nitrate salt + water
  • Sulfuric acid + metal oxide –> metal sulfate + water

 

  • Acid + metal carbonate –> Metal carbonate + water + carbon dioxide
  • Hydrochloric acid + metal carbonate –> metal chloride salt + water + carbon dioxide
  • Nitric acid + metal carbonate –> metal nitrate salt + water + carbon dioxide
  • Sulfuric acid + metal carbonate –> metal sulfate + water + carbon dioxide
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